Fluxes of gaseous elemental mercury on a Mediterranean coastal grassland

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Coastal rural areas can be a source of elemental mercury, but the potential influence of their topographic and climatic particularities on gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) fluxes have not been investigated extensively. In this study, gaseous elemental mercury was measured over Mediterranean coastal grassland located in Northern Greece from 2014 to 2015 and GEM fluxes were evaluated utilizing Monin-Obukhov similarity theory. The GEM fluxes ranged from -50.30 to 109.69 ng m-2 h-1 with a mean value equal to 10.50 ± 19.14 ng m-2 h-1. Concerning the peak events, with high positive and low negative GEM fluxes, those were recorded from the morning until the evening. Rain events were a strong contributing factor for enhanced GEM fluxes. The enhanced turbulent mixing under daytime unstable conditions led to greater evasion and positive GEM fluxes, while, during nighttime periods, the GEM evasion is lower, indicating the effect of atmospheric stability on GEM fluxes. The coastal grassland with its specific characteristics influences the GEM fluxes and this area could be characterized as a source of elemental mercury. This study is one of the rare efforts in the research community to estimate GEM fluxes in a coastal natural site based on aerodynamic gradient method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number485
Issue number9
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

    Research areas

  • Aegean Sea, Aerodynamic gradient method, Coastal area, Gaseous elemental mercury, GEM fluxes, Mediterranean Basin, Monin-Obukhov similarity theory

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ID: 228573838