Revisiting factors controlling methane emissions from high-Arctic tundra

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Revisiting factors controlling methane emissions from high-Arctic tundra. / Mastepanov, M.; Sigsgaard, Charlotte; Tagesson, Håkan Torbern; Ström, L.; Tamstorf, Mikkel P.; Lund, Magnus; Christensen, T.R.

In: Biogeosciences, Vol. 10, No. 7, 2013, p. 5139-5158.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Mastepanov, M, Sigsgaard, C, Tagesson, HT, Ström, L, Tamstorf, MP, Lund, M & Christensen, TR 2013, 'Revisiting factors controlling methane emissions from high-Arctic tundra', Biogeosciences, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 5139-5158. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-5139-2013

APA

Mastepanov, M., Sigsgaard, C., Tagesson, H. T., Ström, L., Tamstorf, M. P., Lund, M., & Christensen, T. R. (2013). Revisiting factors controlling methane emissions from high-Arctic tundra. Biogeosciences, 10(7), 5139-5158. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-5139-2013

Vancouver

Mastepanov M, Sigsgaard C, Tagesson HT, Ström L, Tamstorf MP, Lund M et al. Revisiting factors controlling methane emissions from high-Arctic tundra. Biogeosciences. 2013;10(7):5139-5158. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-5139-2013

Author

Mastepanov, M. ; Sigsgaard, Charlotte ; Tagesson, Håkan Torbern ; Ström, L. ; Tamstorf, Mikkel P. ; Lund, Magnus ; Christensen, T.R. / Revisiting factors controlling methane emissions from high-Arctic tundra. In: Biogeosciences. 2013 ; Vol. 10, No. 7. pp. 5139-5158.

Bibtex

@article{583600909a3c45f4a5ed25d5906e31b7,
title = "Revisiting factors controlling methane emissions from high-Arctic tundra",
abstract = "The northern latitudes are experiencing disproportionate warming relative to the mid-latitudes, and there is growing concern about feedbacks between this warming and methane production and release from high-latitude soils. Studies of methane emissions carried out in the Arctic, particularly those with measurements made outside the growing season, are underrepresented in the literature. Here we present results of 5 yr (2006-2010) of automatic chamber measurements at a high-Arctic location in Zackenberg, NE Greenland, covering both the growing seasons and two months of the following freeze-in periods. The measurements show clear seasonal dynamics in methane emission. The start of the growing season and the increase in CH4 fluxes were strongly related to the date of snowmelt. Within each particular growing season, CH4 fluxes were highly correlated with the soil temperature (R-2 > 0.75), which is probably explained by high seasonality of both variables, and weakly correlated with the water table. The greatest variability in fluxes between the study years was observed during the first part of the growing season. Somewhat surprisingly, this variability could not be explained by commonly known factors controlling methane emission, i.e. temperature and water table position. Late in the growing season CH4 emissions were found to be very similar between the study years (except the extremely dry 2010) despite large differences in climatic factors (temperature and water table). Late-season bursts of CH4 coinciding with soil freezing in the autumn were observed during at least three years. The cumulative emission during the freeze-in CH4 bursts was comparable in size with the growing season emission for the year 2007, and about one third of the growing season emissions for the years 2009 and 2010. In all three cases the CH4 burst was accompanied by a corresponding episodic increase in CO2 emission, which can compose a significant contribution to the annual CO2 flux budget. The most probable mechanism of the late-season CH4 and CO2 bursts is physical release of gases accumulated in the soil during the growing season. In this study we discuss possible links between growing season and autumn fluxes. Multiannual dynamics of the subsurface CH4 storage pool are hypothesized to be such a link and an important driver of intearannual variations in the fluxes, capable of overruling the conventionally known short-term control factors (temperature and water table). Our findings suggest the importance of multiyear studies with a continued focus on shoulder seasons in Arctic ecosystems.",
author = "M. Mastepanov and Charlotte Sigsgaard and Tagesson, {H{\aa}kan Torbern} and L. Str{\"o}m and Tamstorf, {Mikkel P.} and Magnus Lund and T.R. Christensen",
note = "CENPERMOA[2013]",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.5194/bg-10-5139-2013",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "5139--5158",
journal = "Biogeosciences",
issn = "1726-4170",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Revisiting factors controlling methane emissions from high-Arctic tundra

AU - Mastepanov, M.

AU - Sigsgaard, Charlotte

AU - Tagesson, Håkan Torbern

AU - Ström, L.

AU - Tamstorf, Mikkel P.

AU - Lund, Magnus

AU - Christensen, T.R.

N1 - CENPERMOA[2013]

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The northern latitudes are experiencing disproportionate warming relative to the mid-latitudes, and there is growing concern about feedbacks between this warming and methane production and release from high-latitude soils. Studies of methane emissions carried out in the Arctic, particularly those with measurements made outside the growing season, are underrepresented in the literature. Here we present results of 5 yr (2006-2010) of automatic chamber measurements at a high-Arctic location in Zackenberg, NE Greenland, covering both the growing seasons and two months of the following freeze-in periods. The measurements show clear seasonal dynamics in methane emission. The start of the growing season and the increase in CH4 fluxes were strongly related to the date of snowmelt. Within each particular growing season, CH4 fluxes were highly correlated with the soil temperature (R-2 > 0.75), which is probably explained by high seasonality of both variables, and weakly correlated with the water table. The greatest variability in fluxes between the study years was observed during the first part of the growing season. Somewhat surprisingly, this variability could not be explained by commonly known factors controlling methane emission, i.e. temperature and water table position. Late in the growing season CH4 emissions were found to be very similar between the study years (except the extremely dry 2010) despite large differences in climatic factors (temperature and water table). Late-season bursts of CH4 coinciding with soil freezing in the autumn were observed during at least three years. The cumulative emission during the freeze-in CH4 bursts was comparable in size with the growing season emission for the year 2007, and about one third of the growing season emissions for the years 2009 and 2010. In all three cases the CH4 burst was accompanied by a corresponding episodic increase in CO2 emission, which can compose a significant contribution to the annual CO2 flux budget. The most probable mechanism of the late-season CH4 and CO2 bursts is physical release of gases accumulated in the soil during the growing season. In this study we discuss possible links between growing season and autumn fluxes. Multiannual dynamics of the subsurface CH4 storage pool are hypothesized to be such a link and an important driver of intearannual variations in the fluxes, capable of overruling the conventionally known short-term control factors (temperature and water table). Our findings suggest the importance of multiyear studies with a continued focus on shoulder seasons in Arctic ecosystems.

AB - The northern latitudes are experiencing disproportionate warming relative to the mid-latitudes, and there is growing concern about feedbacks between this warming and methane production and release from high-latitude soils. Studies of methane emissions carried out in the Arctic, particularly those with measurements made outside the growing season, are underrepresented in the literature. Here we present results of 5 yr (2006-2010) of automatic chamber measurements at a high-Arctic location in Zackenberg, NE Greenland, covering both the growing seasons and two months of the following freeze-in periods. The measurements show clear seasonal dynamics in methane emission. The start of the growing season and the increase in CH4 fluxes were strongly related to the date of snowmelt. Within each particular growing season, CH4 fluxes were highly correlated with the soil temperature (R-2 > 0.75), which is probably explained by high seasonality of both variables, and weakly correlated with the water table. The greatest variability in fluxes between the study years was observed during the first part of the growing season. Somewhat surprisingly, this variability could not be explained by commonly known factors controlling methane emission, i.e. temperature and water table position. Late in the growing season CH4 emissions were found to be very similar between the study years (except the extremely dry 2010) despite large differences in climatic factors (temperature and water table). Late-season bursts of CH4 coinciding with soil freezing in the autumn were observed during at least three years. The cumulative emission during the freeze-in CH4 bursts was comparable in size with the growing season emission for the year 2007, and about one third of the growing season emissions for the years 2009 and 2010. In all three cases the CH4 burst was accompanied by a corresponding episodic increase in CO2 emission, which can compose a significant contribution to the annual CO2 flux budget. The most probable mechanism of the late-season CH4 and CO2 bursts is physical release of gases accumulated in the soil during the growing season. In this study we discuss possible links between growing season and autumn fluxes. Multiannual dynamics of the subsurface CH4 storage pool are hypothesized to be such a link and an important driver of intearannual variations in the fluxes, capable of overruling the conventionally known short-term control factors (temperature and water table). Our findings suggest the importance of multiyear studies with a continued focus on shoulder seasons in Arctic ecosystems.

U2 - 10.5194/bg-10-5139-2013

DO - 10.5194/bg-10-5139-2013

M3 - Journal article

VL - 10

SP - 5139

EP - 5158

JO - Biogeosciences

JF - Biogeosciences

SN - 1726-4170

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 118892057