Forest Resource Assessment and Bioenergy
Ongoing key projects
- ASHBACK (2013-2018, Danish Council for Strategic Research)
- Fyrmedflis (2015-2018)
- INVENT (2017-2020, Innovation Fund Denmark, FACCE-Eragas)
- National Forest Inventory (in Danish) (2002-, Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark)
- SINKS2 (2014-2022, Danish Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate)
- Long term field experiments (in Danish) (1852-)
- Remote sensing of forest resources (in Danish)
- Measuring, governing and gaining support for sustainable bioenergy supply chains (2016-2018, IEA Bioenergy)
Completed key projects
- BIORESOURCE (2013-2016, Danish Council for Strategic Research)
- Mobilizing Sustainable Bioenergy Supply Chains (2012-2015, IEA Bioenergy)
- ENERWOODS (2011-2015, Nordic Energy Research)
- Coherent Energy and Environmental System Analysis, CEESA (2007-2011, Danish Council for Strategic Research)
- WOOD-EN-MAN (2001-2005, EU R&D FP5)
Members of the research group
- Bruno Bilde Jørgensen, Senior Consultant
- Inge Stupak, Associate Professor
- Karsten Raulund-Rasmussen, Professor
- Lars Vesterdal, Professor
- Morten Ingerslev, Associate Professor
- Niclas Scott Bentsen, Associate Professor
- Ingeborg Callesen, Associate Professor
- Palle Madsen, Professor
- Simon Skov, Senior advisor
- Thomas Nord-Larsen, Senior researcher
- Torben Riis-Nielsen, Data coordinator
- Vivian Kvist Johannsen, Head of research
Taeroe, A., Nord-Larsen, T., Stupak, I., & Raulund-Rasmussen, K. (2015). Allometric biomass, biomass expansion factor and wood density models for the OP42 hybrid poplar in southern Scandinavia. BioEnergy Research, 8(3), 1332-1343.
Taeroe, A., Mustapha, W. F., Stupak, I., & Raulund-Rasmussen, K. (2017). Do forests best mitigate CO 2 emissions to the atmosphere by setting them aside for maximization of carbon storage or by management for fossil fuel substitution?. Journal of Environmental Management, 197, 117-129.
Georgiadis, P., Sevel, L., Raulund-Rasmussen, K., & Stupak, I. (2017). Fertilization of Willow Coppice Over Three Consecutive 2-Year Rotations—Effects on Biomass Production, Soil Nutrients and Water. BioEnergy Research, 1-12.
Nord-Larsen, T., & Pretzsch, H. (2017). Biomass production dynamics for common forest tree species in Denmark–Evaluation of a common garden experiment after 50 yrs of measurements. Forest Ecology and Management, 400, 645-654.
Sevel, L., Nord-Larsen, T., Ingerslev, M., Jørgensen, U., & Raulund-Rasmussen, K. (2014). Fertilization of SRC willow, I: biomass production response. BioEnergy Research,7(1), 319-328.
Larsen, S., Bentsen, N. S., Dalgaard, T., Jørgensen, U., Olesen, J. E., & Felby, C. (2017). Possibilities for near-term bioenergy production and GHG-mitigation through sustainable intensification of agriculture and forestry in Denmark. Environmental Research Letters, 12(11),114032.
Callesen, I. (2016). Biodiversity and ecosystem services in life cycle impact assessment - inventory objects or impact categories? Ecosystem services - science, policy and practice. Ecosystem Services (2016), pp. 94-103. DOI information: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.09.021.
Stupak, I., & Raulund‐Rasmussen, K. (2016). Historical, ecological, and governance aspects of intensive forest biomass harvesting in Denmark. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment, 5(5), 588-610.
Rytter, L., Ingerslev, M., Kilpeläinen, A., Torssonen, P., Lazdina, D., Löf, M., ... & Stener, L. G. (2016). Increased forest biomass production in the Nordic and Baltic countries–a review on current and future opportunities. Silva Fennica, 50(5).
Bentsen, N. S. (2017). Carbon debt and payback time–Lost in the forest?. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 73, 1211-1217.
More publications can be found here
The Forest Resource Assessment and Bioenergy group focuses its research on four closely related topics:
- systems to monitor and estimate forests resources and wood production potentials,
- optimization of yield and ecosystem services in wood biomass production systems,
- forests’ ability to mitigate climate change through carbon sequestration and production and utilization of biomass for energy and wood products, and
- systems to govern and document sustainability of forests, bioenergy and bioproducts.
We provide up-to-date information on forest resources and their development based on experiments and inventory data. Inventories cover living trees, deadwood and soil carbon pools, forest products, biodiversity, pest and diseases, and ecosystem services. We integrate information from multiple geographical and temporal scales, from experiments, to long-term field trials and extensive, national level monitoring programs. We seek to identify linkages between short-term and long-term experimental data, and monitoring data to provide more accurate resource assessments and prognosis tools, as a basis for consolidating sampling methods for assessment of forest resources and development of growth models.
We examine biomass production from forests, including whole-tree and residue harvesting as well as short rotation willow and poplar (SRC). We investigate impacts of fertilization on biomass yield and other ecosystem services, including seepage water quality and quantity, and biodiversity. Seepage water quality is monitored with respect to leaching of nitrogen, phosphorous, other nutrients and heavy metals. We also investigate the impacts of using combustion ash and sludge as fertilizer, with specific attention to effects of nutrients and heavy metals on environmental quality and biodiversity.
We investigate the climate change mitigation effects of carbon sequestration by storage in living biomass and soil, and the effect of biomass substituting fossil fuels and fossil fuel intensive materials. The research approach includes comparison between alternative land-uses, supply chains, and reference energy and material systems. We collaborate internationally on these issues, for example through IEA Bioenergy.
Building on our knowledge about ecosystems and entire forest biomass production systems and supply chains, we also explore how monitoring data and scientific knowledge may inform development of well-functioning, credible and legitimate sustainability governance systems for forests, bioenergy and the bioeconomy, including their use for verification of compliance with sustainability standards or regulatory requirements. We also analyze feasibility of verifying sustainability criteria in specific cases around the world. The work is conducted in collaboration with international colleagues, mainly within IEA Bioenergy Task 43 on ‘Biomass Feedstocks for Energy Markets’ and IEA Bioenergy inter-Task projects, and within the Centre of Advanced Research on Environmental Services from Nordic Forest Ecosystems (CAR-ES).
Head of Research Group
- Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation
- Life Cycle Assessment within Biological Production Systems
- Energy Systems and Climate Mitigation
- Ecosystem Services from Forests and Nature
- Ecology and Ecosystems Science in relation to Environmental Economics
- Thematic Course: Nature, Environment and Society
- Thematic Course: Ecology and Management of Forests and other Semi-natural Terrestrial Ecosystems
- Land Use and Environmental Modelling