Impacts of land use on climate and ecosystem productivity over the Amazon and the South American continent

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Impacts of land use on climate and ecosystem productivity over the Amazon and the South American continent. / Wu, M; Schurgers, Guy; Ahlström, A.; Rummukainen, Markku; Miller, Paul A.; Smith, B.; May, Wilhelm.

I: Environmental Research Letters, Bind 12, Nr. 5, 054016, 2017.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Wu, M, Schurgers, G, Ahlström, A, Rummukainen, M, Miller, PA, Smith, B & May, W 2017, 'Impacts of land use on climate and ecosystem productivity over the Amazon and the South American continent', Environmental Research Letters, bind 12, nr. 5, 054016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa6fd6

APA

Wu, M., Schurgers, G., Ahlström, A., Rummukainen, M., Miller, P. A., Smith, B., & May, W. (2017). Impacts of land use on climate and ecosystem productivity over the Amazon and the South American continent. Environmental Research Letters, 12(5), [054016]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa6fd6

Vancouver

Wu M, Schurgers G, Ahlström A, Rummukainen M, Miller PA, Smith B o.a. Impacts of land use on climate and ecosystem productivity over the Amazon and the South American continent. Environmental Research Letters. 2017;12(5). 054016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa6fd6

Author

Wu, M ; Schurgers, Guy ; Ahlström, A. ; Rummukainen, Markku ; Miller, Paul A. ; Smith, B. ; May, Wilhelm. / Impacts of land use on climate and ecosystem productivity over the Amazon and the South American continent. I: Environmental Research Letters. 2017 ; Bind 12, Nr. 5.

Bibtex

@article{f695cf7e7ccf401c86c87290875d7f0a,
title = "Impacts of land use on climate and ecosystem productivity over the Amazon and the South American continent",
abstract = "The Amazon basin is characterized by a strong interplay between the atmosphere and vegetation. Anthropogenic land use and land cover change (LULCC) affects vegetation and the exchange of energy and water with the atmosphere. Here we have assessed potential LULCC impacts on climate and natural vegetation dynamics over South America with a regional Earth system model that also accounts for vegetation dynamics. The biophysical and biogeochemical impacts from LULCC were addressed with two simulations over the CORDEX-South America domain. The results show that LULCC imposes local and remote influences on South American climate. These include significant local warming over the LULCC-affected area, changes in circulation patterns over the Amazon basin during the dry season, and an intensified hydrological cycle over much of the LULCC-affected area during the wet season. These changes affect the natural vegetation productivity which shows contrasting and significant changes between northwestern (around 10{\%} increase) and southeastern (up to 10{\%} decrease) parts of the Amazon basin caused by mesoscale circulation changes during the dry season, and increased productivity in parts of the LULCC-affected areas. We conclude that ongoing deforestation around the fringes of the Amazon could impact pristine forest by changing mesoscale circulation patterns, amplifying the degradation of natural vegetation caused by direct, local impacts of land use activities.",
keywords = "Amazonian deforestation, biophysical land-atmosphere coupling, CORDEX, land use and land cover change, RCA-GUESS, vegetation feedback",
author = "M Wu and Guy Schurgers and A. Ahlstr{\"o}m and Markku Rummukainen and Miller, {Paul A.} and B. Smith and Wilhelm May",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1088/1748-9326/aa6fd6",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Environmental Research Letters",
issn = "1748-9326",
publisher = "IOP Publishing",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impacts of land use on climate and ecosystem productivity over the Amazon and the South American continent

AU - Wu, M

AU - Schurgers, Guy

AU - Ahlström, A.

AU - Rummukainen, Markku

AU - Miller, Paul A.

AU - Smith, B.

AU - May, Wilhelm

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The Amazon basin is characterized by a strong interplay between the atmosphere and vegetation. Anthropogenic land use and land cover change (LULCC) affects vegetation and the exchange of energy and water with the atmosphere. Here we have assessed potential LULCC impacts on climate and natural vegetation dynamics over South America with a regional Earth system model that also accounts for vegetation dynamics. The biophysical and biogeochemical impacts from LULCC were addressed with two simulations over the CORDEX-South America domain. The results show that LULCC imposes local and remote influences on South American climate. These include significant local warming over the LULCC-affected area, changes in circulation patterns over the Amazon basin during the dry season, and an intensified hydrological cycle over much of the LULCC-affected area during the wet season. These changes affect the natural vegetation productivity which shows contrasting and significant changes between northwestern (around 10% increase) and southeastern (up to 10% decrease) parts of the Amazon basin caused by mesoscale circulation changes during the dry season, and increased productivity in parts of the LULCC-affected areas. We conclude that ongoing deforestation around the fringes of the Amazon could impact pristine forest by changing mesoscale circulation patterns, amplifying the degradation of natural vegetation caused by direct, local impacts of land use activities.

AB - The Amazon basin is characterized by a strong interplay between the atmosphere and vegetation. Anthropogenic land use and land cover change (LULCC) affects vegetation and the exchange of energy and water with the atmosphere. Here we have assessed potential LULCC impacts on climate and natural vegetation dynamics over South America with a regional Earth system model that also accounts for vegetation dynamics. The biophysical and biogeochemical impacts from LULCC were addressed with two simulations over the CORDEX-South America domain. The results show that LULCC imposes local and remote influences on South American climate. These include significant local warming over the LULCC-affected area, changes in circulation patterns over the Amazon basin during the dry season, and an intensified hydrological cycle over much of the LULCC-affected area during the wet season. These changes affect the natural vegetation productivity which shows contrasting and significant changes between northwestern (around 10% increase) and southeastern (up to 10% decrease) parts of the Amazon basin caused by mesoscale circulation changes during the dry season, and increased productivity in parts of the LULCC-affected areas. We conclude that ongoing deforestation around the fringes of the Amazon could impact pristine forest by changing mesoscale circulation patterns, amplifying the degradation of natural vegetation caused by direct, local impacts of land use activities.

KW - Amazonian deforestation

KW - biophysical land-atmosphere coupling

KW - CORDEX

KW - land use and land cover change

KW - RCA-GUESS

KW - vegetation feedback

U2 - 10.1088/1748-9326/aa6fd6

DO - 10.1088/1748-9326/aa6fd6

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85019613890

VL - 12

JO - Environmental Research Letters

JF - Environmental Research Letters

SN - 1748-9326

IS - 5

M1 - 054016

ER -

ID: 179131432